Trout refers to different types of fish that belong to one of 3 various genera namely, salvelinus, salmo and oncorhynchus. While most trout live in freshwater such as lakes and streams with cool water, some spend their time in the ocean and only come to spawn in freshwater, pretty much like salmon. Some common types of trout include rainbow trout, lake trout, steelhead and brown trout. Trout eat aquatic invertebrates and other fish, with trout that get to be more than 12 inches big usually feeding on smaller fish. If you are to catch trout successfully, please take note of the following fishing tips.
Have the basic equipment ready.
Trout can easily break the line when pulled out of the water so you will need to have a hand net ready to land the fish. You will also need a fish stringer on which to string the fish you catch. Label this with your name and address to avoid mix ups with that of other anglers. A hemostat will facilitate the removal of swallowed hooks. Waders prove to be useful when fishing in parks that allow wading. However, waterproof boots will do just as nicely. Do make sure you know park regulations. A fishing vest helps keep your fishing essentials handy. The sun’s glare on your eyes can be reduced with polarized sunglasses, which also enable you to sight trout under the water more easily.
Don’t forget your rod and reel. While a standard spincast rod and reel will serve you well, other rod-and-reel combos can serve you even better. You want ultra-light rods and spinning reels that enable you to feel a strike more easily while providing greater flexibility. You want a rod 6 to 6.5 feet long to ensure better castability and easy use with a float. A light line is handled easily by an ultra-light spinning reel. You will also need #10 to #14 regular shank bronze hooks and a few small split shots when you have to present your bait in swift water. A small knife and a canvas creel will also be handy.
Bring suitable lures, baits and flies
Trout are smell and sight hunters so they detect their food sources using those two senses. That is why trout anglers bring natural and scented and colored baits. There’s a huge variety of natural trout food including crayfish, frogs allowed as baits, nightcrawlers, bait fish, insects, grubs, larvae, salmon eggs, worms, corn, bread, cheese and other food substances that are not harmful to fish including paste-type bait, putty or dough bait.
Unscented soft plastic baits include synthetic worms and synthetic eggs, soft plastic lures and synthetic grubs. Artificial lures also work fine, as do artificial lures called flies. In early season, you can use small minnows that work well when the fish are sluggish. Big brown trout are lured to a chunk of sucker meat or chub. Jigs, spinners and other minnow imitators can also get you trout.
Use the proper trout fishing method
Drift fishing can be very effective in any condition. It allows you to cover a wide area and also presents the bait to more trout. Similar to drift fishing, float fishing employs a bobber or floater. The floater has to be adjusted according to how deep the fish is. Do hook setting when you sense sudden movement on the floater. You can also fish with jigs in a variety of colors. Brown, black, white, olive, yellow or a combination of those hues proves to be effective. The easiest method is bottom fishing, which is also the most effective.